Thanks for the link BetterBee, I haven’t read this one yet.
There are lots of circa 1900 bee books a person can download for free from google (out of copyright). It is interesting to read the old books. Lots of useful tips in those old books.
It’s very interesting how they used to winter backs back then. They used to winter them in bee houses inside the Jackson MI prison; or so I read in one old book. Wintering in basements was also common practice. Now days we seem to think the bees are more bullet proof to the cold than they did 100 years ago, yet where are the majority of queens and genetics from these days?
I also find it very interesting the battle between the dadant jumbo design and the 10 frame Langs in the old books. There seemed to be fairly consistent reports that the larger brood comb boxes outperformed the langs. Yet today, new beeks seem to be attracted to the allure of the “all medium” configuration. Maybe I'm old fashioned
but I'll keep my jumbo frames and make some more