]if you have aircon you insulate against the heat. bees have aircon
Bees handle aircon with water. Not with insulation.
If you compare 5 members of Apis family, only mellifera have invented how to protect against cold with cavity.
wasp make a multilayer paper ball which keep the heat.
Bumblebee likes to make hive into mouse hive.
Yes, mellifera have invented how to live in cold climates. It is honey stores andf protective cavity.
If we compare Apis bees in Africa, they like top change the landscape if it is short of food or some one disturb s the hive.
Asian Apis bees make migrations and they make a big one comb in open air.
It was researched on Apis cerana japonica which live in towns. Only 10% of hives were in cavities. Others were in open air and they kept summer temperature in clusters during winter.
Mellifera is not able to live in hottest climates like in tropical zone. That is why scutellata was exported to South America. Mellifera was not able to live in jungle but scutellata exploded there.