Out of interest what Subspecies of Queens do you use and why? Do you just stick with the Italians?
I have just set up another 15 hives with various sub species of queens,Ligurian's from Kangaroo island, more Italians, Carniolan's (whats in the photo they arrived today) and Im sourcing some caucasians.
I will be interested first hand to see how they behave both inside and outside the hive and in Melbourne's climate.
I use mutts caught in swarms then graft from them to split.
Don't buy more Italians, Ligurian's are Italians