I just discovered that I too have a laying worker running one of my hives.
My understanding of the procedure that you mentioned is that the laying worker has never left the hive and thus, will not be able to find her way back once you have moved her >100 yds away. Meanwhile the field bees will fly back to the hive and care for the new queen who will hopefully start laying.
I plan on ordering a new queen and trying the same procedure HOWEVER, I also have a VERY strong hive next door to the queenless one. Might I be able to help the new queen out once she is established (presumable in a couple of weeks) by moving over a couple of frames of capped brood from the strong hive? I would assume that this would give the weaker drone-packed hive a boost when it needs it most.