>Do you know how bees ripen honey? Do they suck out the moisture, or fan, or something else? I've heard they ripen it at night.
The first step happens when they first get the nectar and mix it with various enzymes that change the sugars and add some other qualities to the honey. In particular invertase (which splits the sugars) and Inhibine (which causes the honey to give off hydrogen peroxide) and Diastase (which breaks any starches in the nectar into sugars).
The second step is to dry it by evaporation. They spread it out in many cells to give it surface area and they fan to control the ventilation.