Lots of things contribute to swarming, but IMO, a clogged up brood nest is one of the main factors. I try to keep some empty frames in the brood nest so the bees have comb to draw and the queen has somewhere to lay and it's not all full of honey. Of course if you leave them queenless they will fill it with honey because they have no brood. But once the new queen is raised a young queen seldom swarms.
OK, I can definitely go back in and remove a frame of brood - replace with either a fully drawn frame, or just foundation. I'd prefer to give them the fully drawn as 1) the queen could start laying in there immeadiately and 2) the bees aren't spending their 'drawing foundation' efforts in the brood box but rather in my supers.
I'm going to leave them with the queen they've got. Just reading some more of Richard Talyor's The New Comb Honey Book
, he suggests that a newly hived swarm may very well try to leave again, but he claims that if they stay 2 nights, the likelihood of them staying put is pretty good. Tonight will be their second night. I have no idea how 'scientific' that theory is, but it only serves to reason (by human facilties) that the longer they stick around, the greater the chances they'll stick around.
For some reason Michael, the girls are extrememly crowded in the brood box and first super, some in the second super, but almost none in the 3rd and 4th. Wouldn't 'ya think they'd space themselves out a little better?
I don't have a queen excluder on, other than the fact that they don't have as much moving room with those Ross Round supers as normal frames, I just don't understand why they don't just move on up.
When I go back in tomorrow to give them an empty frame, I'm going to move that bottom super up to the second level, move the second down to the first. There are fewer bees in the current second super, maybe that will give the bees in the brood box a feeling of a little less congestion.
Also, with a cut down, you want LOTS of supers on. The idea isn't to crowd them out of the hive, just to crowd them up into the supers.
Well, like I said, I've got 4 on right now. The RR supers are only 4" deep, plus they have alot less workable foundation in there. The girls are not utilizing the 4th super really at all (maybe 100 bees in there all total), but I'll leave it since like I said, I'm heading out of town on Wed. and won't be back until the following Tues. Once I get back, I'll go ahead and put a 5th on - and HOPEFULLY the 'first' super will be capped and ready to come off.
Thanks so much Micheal and 'guys' for your help. This is only my second season with these bees. Still getting the hang of it. The other thing this far north, is that the change from spring weather (40-50's, 30's at night) to summer (70's-80's, 40-50's at night) happens in about a weeks time. Everything blooms very suddenly and quickly, all of a sudden it's summer! This year was no exception. Both of my brand new nucs swarmed about this same time last year - NUCS! What I really need to do is find some long-time beekeepers from up here and find out if swarms are just part of the territory, or I'm just really not working the nectar flow like I should be, or whatever.