man has two impulses. survival and procreation. man is different from animals in that he can rationalize. man understands that controls are needed. controls are provided by belief systems and/or government. since governments are run by men, i rather prefer a leaning toward belief system.
bad things happen. we do bad things. we learn from them and we need to get over them. man takes what he wants because he's at the top of the food chain. as we take, we learn the limits of that taking and we learn how to mitigate the consequences of that taking.
logging is a good example and i don't mind going there :-D. we used to log with no consideration to replanting. as the population grew, and more wood was needed, we realized that we needed to replant. trees are a crop like any other, and when tended, it will produce forever. on the other hand, those old clear cuts are full of life. they provide grassy area that would not otherwise exist, and feed game animals that we eat. as the forest spontaneously regrows in those spots, it is healthy and has a variety of trees and vegetation not found in the replanted logging areas.
all creatures use their environment. only man considers the impact of that use. some twitchy people consider use, to be destruction. other reasonable people consider it to be part of life and look for ways to mitigate the impact of that use.