That is without question the queen of Apis Mellifera. :-D
As far as what country...most likely Italian, with possible strains of Russian, Carniolan, Cordovan, and/or possibly others.
I know, not very helpful. But coloration is only one variant, and varies quite wildly. The coloration of the daughter bees is actually more helpful than the queen's. And while Italians tend to be the "classic" look and Carniolans and Russians tend toward black, Russians and Carni's can also look like Italians. And most of the hybrids are...well...mixes of the different races of bees.
Other than color, other indications in the hive are 1) swarming tendancies 2) overwintering traits (large/small clusters) 3) buildup in the spring 4) propolis tendencies ....etc etc.
But outside of that .... if you are gathering swarms, Italians are still the most populous. If you are like me and get swarms and let your hives requeen themselves, then you have "mutts" :-D.