I've used a conventional hand truck to move hives before. It worked, but I wouldn't do it again. It's still labor intensive.
It required me to put a migratory top down on top of the feet of the hand truck, then a bottom board, then stack each hive body that I wanted to move, then a cover. When it's all done, use a ratchet strap to hold it all together and away you go. I only had one mishap when I tried to do it without the ratchet strap (hit a bump and boxes went everywhere). Of course, it requires you to reverse the process whenever you have arrived at the spot. I could have just ratchet strapped them all down, then used the hand truck if the hives were flat on the ground, but they were sitting on cinder blocks (to avoid rotting) which meant that I had to put them on the truck first.