Thanks for your reply Kathy. I have a queen in the first hive, she is laying like mad, and I think she mated (doesn't look like drone brood). But they only have four frames drawn out; there just weren't enough bees to draw out more. At this point, she has filled in those four frames nicely tho.
On second hive (foundationless) installed May 26, I just opened up enough to feed, waiting until Monday to check the queen. I could see some comb from the top, but really can't tell much. Also, i worked hard to get that hive level, and it's so not level now. Sigh. I barely fed thymol, it mostly leaked, but there's no sign of nosema so I skipped it for second feeding. My goal was to get them started out with a nosema feeding and some honey-b-healthy, and then go natural. But as I thought about it, I realized that you can't get an even treatment into every bee. Some bees will get a lot and some will get a little.
I will read up on combining hives. I hope to not have to do that, but I'll do what I have to do.