>The weather has been bad lately, how long till the first deep super gets all drawn out?
Depending on weather, bees, motivation, flow, feeding, and a myriad of other variables, however long it takes.http://www.bushfarms.com/beesexpectations.htm
>I have a hive top feeder that is full of 1:1 sugar water, how long does it take for a small hive to go through a gallon of this juice?
Depending on weather, bees, motivation, flow, feeding, and a myriad of other variables, however long it takes.
>what are the little cacoon type things in the hive? I am hoping they are not queen cells already?
"Cacoon type things"? I don't know what you are refering to so I couldn't say. If they hang down and look like a peanut, yes. If they are round on the ends like Kix cereal, no, those are drones.
I am sure I will have many more questions for the experience ppl here.