1. uncapping about 1/5 mature brood.
I've seen normal colonies do this. If they think something is wrong, they ditch the brood. Especially hygienic bees. Since they are from a swarm, who knows. Not enough to be alarmed, in and of itself.
2. abandoned brood at early stages of development.
3. long streaks of diarrhea inside hive.
even abandoned brood looks white, if a bit dried out.
does not look like mites.
not chill brood.....most of this brood is on the outside of the brood nest.... the bees ran out of the pollen they had collected and had only the syrup i was feeding.
poor nutrition is sure in the running.
After reading this, especially the diarrhea, dried out brood on the outside of the brood nest, and the fact that they ran out of pollen, sounds like you have a nutritional problem. If you over fed them on syrup, they could have diarrhea from that. No pollen and too much syrup could mean the brood doesn't get fed. They will feed on the inside of the broodnest first, then move out. On the outside of the broodnest, if there isn't enough food, they will let them starve. If they starve, they will take them out.
It sounds pure nutritional, at least to me.
i think the mystery is solved. looks like some chalkbrood.
Some chalkbrood doesn't seem to match your symptoms. It might be a contributing factor, but that doesn't explain the diarrhea, or the lack of pollen. But I don't know, I'm not seeing it with my own eyes.
What makes you think it is 100% chalkbrood, and not a nutritional element?
Not questioning your judgment, just when I read the fact pattern I came to a different conclusion. I could be wrong :)