You need a large populated colony to rear queens.
If you have more than one strong colony, you could remove the queen with one frame of capped brood, one frame of growing brood, two frames of honey&pollen and one empty frame, with or with out foundation. Put these in a five frame nuke. Put frames in the colony where you take these from. Close it up and go back in 9 or 10 days and you should have several capped queen cells. If you wait longer they may start hatching and kill each other. Pick out the best looking largest uniform ones, have your (queen less) nukes made up and put one cell in each nuke.
Check back in 10 to 14 days, It should be easy to locate the queen in the nuke. If you don't wait another 10 days then look for eggs/brood. This has worked for me.
Don't forget the nuke you made up with the queen. After 10 days, if there is a nectar flow on, it will be time to put these in a bigger hive body. 8 or 10 frame, which ever your using.
I know some one else will give you a better way but I have had this work for me. :)doak