Do you have to make any modifications to the poly nucs to make sure the insulation on the lid is sufficient, or are the designed with that in mind.
I do not make any modifications to the lids on the polystyrene nucs. The reduced space of the nuc and the fact that the cluster is in relative close proximity to the top keeps it warm enough for no condensation directly above them. Any condensation will take place along the edges and run down the sides. I do put a 1/2" drainage hole in the corner of the nucs and tip the nuc so any water runs out. If you don't provide drainage, they will collect quite a bit of water in the bottom and become quite wet.
Also, so you implement this same concept into your wooden nucs and full hives that you overwinter?
I don't overwinter wooden nucs, and have switched most of my full hives to polystyrene as well. On the full size hive I use a 2" piece of foiled rigid insulation either right on top of the top hive body, or on top of a 3" sugar shim that is made out of the 2" foiled rigid insulation. No top ventilation and no inner cover.
Rob would the insulated, vented shims that I have seen do the same for a Lang hive? I have seen the 2 inch thick piece of foam inserted into the shim, and I would assume that this increases the insulation value significantly over the bare wood walls. What do you think?
Yes, I use 2" rigid insulation on my hives. If you have any type of upper ventilation, then I'm not sure how much, if any, help it provides. Triple pane super insulated windows don't help any more than single pane windows when you leave them cracked open.