Yes and no..... ;)
Drones can sense a lack of a queen pheromone, and therefore hand out, congregate, and seek hives that are about to swarm, supercede, or are queenless.
So it may not be that drones can actually sense a virgin queen, since she is not producing the same pheromones as a laying queen. They may more in fact sense a "lack" of pheromones. They will seek out hives with queen cells, and virgins alike. So maybe it is a combination of pheromones, lack of pheromones, and other "senses" like a humming queenless hive.
Which really always makes you wonder.....If queens always fly further than drones fly to mate, why would drones seek out, and congregate in queenless hives. Or is it that like most males of any species, they do stupid things under such wishful thinking. :-D