Depends on the overall population of the hive. If it has a large population then moving 3-4 frames of stores up into a super and replacing it with combs or foundation for the queen to lay in is fine. If the population is small less frames can be inserted.
You can't put more frames into the hive for them to develop than the bees, as a cluster, can cover completely. Bees can abandon capped storage cells with no ill affect but that is not true of their "living space" aka brood chamber. It is better to put in a new frame for brood use at a time and building up the brood chamber or several weeks than putting too many empty frames into the middle of the hive. I would start with 2, if you use a super the frames can be rotated into place and the bees still have the safety of all their labors in stores. You'll end up with a much stronger hive overall.