Well.... of course I never put on any deeps at all... just eight frame mediums... but if the question is how much does a hive need for brood and wintering that varies by climate, but most of the North uses two deeps, or three mediums, or four eight frame mediums. Most of the more central (TN, NC, SC, etc.) use one deep and a shallow or two mediums or three eight frame mediums. Most of the deep south seems to use only one deep, or two mediums or two eight frame mediums.
I tend to adjust what I leave for winter by the size of the cluster and the amount of food they have stored etc.