>how would you prevent open air mating?
The only reason to is if you're doing II (Instrumental Insemination). Then you'd II the queen and then clip her or just confine her until she is laying.
> I know if you buy a queen and she is clipped then she is not going to be open aired.
If she's mated and was laying she won't mate again.
>If you get or obtain a queen that is not clipped then houw would you know what she is mating with?
Well, she's done mating, so that's irrelevant, but what she HAS mated with is important, but probably she was open mated or you paid way too much for her.
> guess I dont even know how many times she is needed to be mated with to keep laying eggs.
She will mate during only one period of her life over the space of only one to three days. She will not mate again after that. She will lay until she is superseded or she dies.