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51
GENERAL BEEKEEPING - MAIN POSTING FORUM. / Re: Work schedule and beekeeping
« Last post by GSF on January 17, 2017, 02:43:11 PM »
Concerning the AHB, Teaming up with a local bee club would be a great idea. Others in that club could share their experiences concerning AHB. I have zero experience with AHB, but I have some Italians that explode with you open the inner cover.
52
GENERAL BEEKEEPING - MAIN POSTING FORUM. / Re: Bee rustling
« Last post by Blacksheep on January 17, 2017, 02:42:49 PM »
I would bet that who ever stole the bees had a lot of losses due to various reasons and have boxes to transfer the bees into!Just remove the bees and burn the boxes and the job is done!
53
GREETINGS/TELL US ABOUT YOURSELF / Re: Thank You All
« Last post by GSF on January 17, 2017, 02:36:06 PM »
Welcome
54
GREETINGS/TELL US ABOUT YOURSELF / Re: new member
« Last post by GSF on January 17, 2017, 02:35:46 PM »
Welcome
55
GREETINGS/TELL US ABOUT YOURSELF / Re: newb from TN
« Last post by GSF on January 17, 2017, 02:34:58 PM »
Welcome
56
GREETINGS/TELL US ABOUT YOURSELF / Re: G'day from Vacy, Australia
« Last post by GSF on January 17, 2017, 02:34:31 PM »
Welcome
57
GENERAL BEEKEEPING - MAIN POSTING FORUM. / Re: Bee rustling
« Last post by Dallasbeek on January 17, 2017, 01:04:34 PM »
I have a friend whose heavy-duty trailer was stolen.  His replacement cost about $4,500.  It has 2x12 flooring.  He took it apart and drilled a hole in the side of one board and installed a tracker.  The service costs $20 a month, but if it moves even a few feet, the service will call his cell phone and give updates on location every 30 minutes.  He said it's cheaper than insurance."

I doubt  if it would be cost effective for a hobby beekeeper with a few hives, but if I had a large operation, at least one hive would have a tracker.
58
THE COFFEE HOUSE ((( SOCIAL - ROOM ))) / Re: This sums it up nicely.
« Last post by Hops Brewster on January 17, 2017, 12:33:44 PM »
I don't care what the trained monkeys think.  I do care what they do, if it affects me.  I work hard for the money I spend to allow them entertain me.  If they choose to spend my money to take away my way of life, or to try to force me to behave the way they choose for me, then I do care.  How they use the power of their platform matters to me.  Those trained monkeys have been trained by some very, very subversive people.

To fight their abuse of position, I choose carefully where my entertainment dollars are spent.  I do not spend my money on those who use my own money against my own liberty.  I do not listen to their music.  I don't watch their movies, I don't buy the products that they endorse.  I spend my entertainment dollars, as much as possible, on entertainers that are less extremist.  There are many entertainers that are humble about their position, and understand who it is that holds the purse strings, and they are every bit as talented, often much more talented, than the shrill, ugly, hateful group that gets so much of the attention these days.
59
THE COFFEE HOUSE ((( SOCIAL - ROOM ))) / Re: This sums it up nicely.
« Last post by sawdstmakr on January 17, 2017, 12:20:18 PM »
Good post Wally,
The trouble is that a large population lives and breathes on every word these entertainers do and say and follow everything they do. That is why our society is so messed up. That is how we ended up with a president that hates America.
60
A chemical that is thought to be safe and is, therefore, widely used on crops -- such as almonds, wine grapes and tree fruits -- to boost the performance of pesticides, makes honey bee larvae significantly more susceptible to a deadly virus, according to researchers at Penn State and the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
"In the lab, we found that the commonly used organosilicone adjuvant, Sylgard 309, negatively impacts the health of honey bee larvae by increasing their susceptibility to a common bee pathogen, the Black Queen Cell Virus," said Julia Fine, graduate student in entomology, Penn State. "These results mirror the symptoms observed in hives following almond pollination, when bees are exposed to organosilicone adjuvant residues in pollen, and viral pathogen prevalence is known to increase. In recent years, beekeepers have reported missing, dead and dying brood in their hives following almond pollination, and exposure to agrochemicals, like adjuvants, applied during bloom, has been suggested as a cause."
According to Chris Mullin, professor of entomology, Penn State, adjuvants in general greatly improve the efficacy of pesticides by enhancing their toxicities.
"Organosilicone adjuvants are the most potent adjuvants available to growers," he said. "Based on the California Department of Pesticide Regulation data for agrochemical applications to almonds, there has been increasing use of organosilicone adjuvants during crop blooming periods, when two-thirds of the U.S. honey bee colonies are present." Fine noted that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency classifies organosilicone adjuvants as biologically inert, meaning they do not cause a reaction in living things.
"As a result," she said, "there are no federally regulated restrictions on their use."
To conduct their study, the researchers reared honey bee larvae under controlled conditions in the laboratory. During the initial stages of larval development, they exposed the larvae to a low chronic dose of Sylgard 309 in their diets. They also exposed some of the larvae to viral pathogens in their diets on the first day of the experiment.
"We found that bees exposed to the organosilicone adjuvant had higher levels of Black Queen Cell Virus," said Fine. "Not only that, when they were exposed to the virus and the organosilicone adjuvant simultaneously, the effect on their mortality was synergistic rather than additive, meaning that the mortality was higher from the simultaneous application of adjuvant and virus than from exposure to either the organosilicone adjuvant or the viral pathogen alone, even if those two mortalities were added together," said Fine. "This suggests that the adjuvant is enhancing the damaging effects of the virus."
The researchers also found that a particular gene involved in immunity -- called 18-wheeler -- had reduced expression in bees treated with the adjuvant and the virus, compared to bees in the control groups.
"Taken together, these findings suggest that exposure to organosilicone adjuvants negatively influences immunity in honey bee larvae, resulting in enhanced pathogenicity and mortality," said Fine.
The results appeared Jan. 16 in Scientific Reports.
Mullin noted that the team's results suggest that recent honey bee declines in the United States may, in part, be due to the increased use of organosilicone adjuvants.
"Billions of pounds of formulation and tank adjuvants, including organosilicone adjuvants, are released into U.S. environments each year, making them an important component of the chemical landscape to which bees are exposed," he said. "We now know that at least Sylgard 309, when combined at a field-relevant concentration with Black Queen Cell Virus, causes synergistic mortality in honey bee larvae."
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